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Emigration and education: the schooling of the left behind in Nigeria

The potential effects of migration on the welfare of the left behind consist in an important part of the debate around migration. In this paper we use data from the World Bank’s migration and remittance household survey to examine the impact of family migration on educational attainment. Because migration status of households is endogenous, we use proportion of migrants in a local district and distance to foreign missionary station in 1921 as instruments for migration of household member. We find that being in a migrant household increases the probability of completing secondary school and attending some post-secondary education. We also find that being in a migrant household increases the probability of own future migration. We further explore channels through which migration of family member affects education. We find that the expectation of an individuals own future migration may be a driver of the increased educational attainment.

Working paper 759
1 August 2018
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