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Working Papers

The household effects of very large electricity tariff hikes in Zambia

Mashekwa Maboshe, Akabondo Kabechani and Grieve Chelwa
This paper simulates the real household expenditure effects of electricity price increases in Zambia. First, we find that electricity subsidies are highly regressive. Second, our partial equilibrium model simulations of the welfare effects of electricity tariff rises show that poorer households...
Nov 2018
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Can local communities afford full control over wildlife conservation? The Case of CAMPFIRE in Zimbabwe

Herbert Ntuli, Edwin Muchapondwa, Boscow Okumu
Wildlife is widely becoming an important vehicle for rural development in most third-world countries across the globe. Policymakers are usually not informed about the needs and wants of poor rural households and roll out programmes that are not tailor made to suit their desires, which often result...
Oct 2018
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Factors influencing people’s perceptions towards conservation of transboundary wildlife resources. The case of the Great-Limpopo Trans-frontier Conservation Area

Herbert Ntuli, Sverker C. Jagers, Edwin Muchapondwa, Amanda Linell, Martin SjÖstedt
Local people’s perceptions of protected areas greatly determine the success of conservation efforts in Southern Africa as these perceptions affect people’s attitudes and behaviour in respect to conservation. As a result, the involvement of local communities in transboundary wildlife conservation is...
Oct 2018
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Teacher Pay and Educational Outcomes: Evidence from the Rural Hardship Allowance in Zambia

Grieve Chelwa, Miquel Pellicer, Mashekwa Maboshe
This paper studies the effect of unconditional teacher salary increases on teacher and student outcomes. To study the issue, we evaluate the rural hardship allowance in Zambia, which corresponds to a salary increase of 20%. This allowance is allocated to schools on the basis of a distance criterion...
Oct 2018
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"The Power of Nudging: Using Feedback, Competition and Responsibility Assignment to Save Electricity in a Non-Residential Setting”

Rebecca Klege, Martine Visser, Saugato Datta, Matthew Darling
We use behavioural insights to design nudges leveraging social comparison and assignment of responsibility aimed at reducing electricity consumption in a large provincial government office building with 24 floors. Results from a randomized control trial show that floors participating in a treatment...
Sep 2018
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Determinants of tax revenue performance in the Southern African Development Community (SADC)

Michael Ade, Jannie Rossouw and Tendai Gwatidzo
This paper investigates the determinants of tax revenue performance in all 15 Southern African Development Community countries during 1990-2010, using panel data. The investigation makes use of two estimation techniques in testing for country specificity. These are the least squares dummy variables...
Aug 2018
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Female household headship and poverty in South Africa: an employment-based analysis

Chijioke O. Nwosu and Catherine Ndinda
Female household headship is generally associated with higher poverty incidence relative to male headship. Female headship has generally been on the increase in South Africa. And while generally declining over the post-apartheid period, poverty has increased in the recent past. South Africa also...
Aug 2018
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Emigration and education: the schooling of the left behind in Nigeria

Biniam Bedasso, Ermias Gebru Weldesenbet and Nonso Obikili
The potential effects of migration on the welfare of the left behind consist in an important part of the debate around migration. In this paper we use data from the World Bank's migration and remittance household survey to examine the impact of family migration on educational attainment. Because...
Aug 2018
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