This paper brings together and adds structure to the empirical literature on the link between banking regulation and banking system stability. In addition to clarifying the theoretical underpinnings for studying banking regulation, it points to several directions for future empirical research, necessary to fill the gaps in our understanding of the link between banking regulation and stability. The paper starts with a review of the literature on the design of banking regulation and its link with stability, followed by an assessment of the most common methodologies used in this literature. The paper then reviews the empirical literature of various banking regulations. This is followed by a proposal on the new directions for research of the link between banking regulation and banking system stability.