The construction industry is one of the major drivers of economic development globally; it is a key barometer of the health of an economy because of its strong linkage to output fluctuations. A well-functioning construction sector results in good infrastructure, upon which many business activities in an economy hinges. It is obvious that the sector has been at the epicenter of growth in most modern nation states over the last few decades. Evidence from most advanced economies suggest that the industry’s contribution to growth becomes trivial, particularly at the point where the infrastructure space becomes saturated. Evidence also suggests that the industry’s success and its eventual contribution to economic growth could be occluded by several critical factors, such as the presence of good institutions. While this may hold for both advanced and emerging market economies, the industry’s role, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, has been more anecdotal rather than based on empirical evidence; the extant literature is almost entirely bereft of evidence from the sub-region. Among the known factors that stymy the effectiveness of the industry’s contribution to the growth spurt of developing nations is poor cost and sub-standard work quality, lack of access to credit facilities, availability of required skills, and bureaucratic as well as institutional deficit. This background naturally leads to the following questions: to what extent does the industry contribute to economic growth in the sub-region? what fundamental roles do the existing institutional frameworks play in enhancing the industry’s impact on economic growth? is the industry’s impact on growth homogenous across the sub region and has it become trivial? This study sets out to find answers to these fundamental questions. It provides a comparative analysis of the relationship between the construction sector and aggregate output for a panel of 26 sub-Saharan African countries.