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Working Papers

publication

Trade Openness and Fertility Rates in Africa: Panel Data Evidence

Manoel Bittencourt, Matthew Clance and Yoseph Y. Getachew
We study the effect of trade openness on fertility rates in fifty African countries during the1962 - 2010 period. By disaggregating the trade openness data in novel ways, and allowing for country and time fixed effects, our results indicate that trade openness and imports of manufactured goods are...
Jan 2020
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Competition and Gender in the Lab vs Field: Experiments from off-grid Renewable Energy Entrepreneurs in Rural Rwanda

Rebecca Afua Klege, Martine Visser, Manuel F. Barron, Rowan P. Clarke
We fill the gap by examining how gender attitudes and performance under competitive situations in the lab, reflects microenterprise outcomes in the renewable energy sector of Rwanda. — a country with progressive gender policies despite its traditional patriarchal set-up. We use the standard...
Jan 2020
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A financial stress index for South Africa: A time-varying correlation approach

Theshne Kisten
This paper develops a new index of financial market stress for South Africa (SAFSI) over the period 1995-2017, that has the advantage of capturing the interconnectedness of financial markets as well as enabling each indicator to be assessed in terms of its systemic importance. The index represents...
Nov 2019
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Missing boys: Explaining South Africa’s unbalanced sex ratio, 1894-2011

Francisco J. Marco-Gracia and Johan Fourie
At the beginning of the twentieth century the sex ratio for South Africans differed markedly according to racial group. Those for white South Africans remained almost invariable, with more boys than girls, while black South Africans had a clear majority of girls, a situation that the literature has...
Nov 2019
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publication

The effects of presentation formats in choice experiments

Genius Murwirapachena and Johane Dikgang
Although stated-preference surveys take various forms, the use of either text or visuals to represent attributes is uncontroversial, and they remain the commonly used formats. While prior research has investigated the impact of these commonly used formats in other disciplines, little is known about...
Oct 2019
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Capital Account Liberalization and Capital Flows to Sub-Saharan Africa: A Panel Threshold Approach

Tamara Esther Mughogho and Imhotep Paul Alagidede
Theory on capital account liberalization (CAL) posits that opening up capital accounts should result in inflows of capital to developing countries. Empirical evidence of this for Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains wanting. This study was, therefore, aimed at examining the effects of CAL on capital...
Oct 2019
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publication

Spatial dependence of per capita property tax income in South Africa

Kabeya Clement Mulamba and Fiona Tergenna
We investigate spatial dependence of per capita property tax income among South African municipalities. One original contribution of our study is the use of per capita property tax income, rather than the property tax rate, as the outcome variable. Per capita property tax income is indicative of...
Oct 2019
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Adapting Herzberg: Predicting Attendees' Satisfaction and Intention to Re-Visit a Festival - An Ordered Logit Approach

Love Odion Idahosa and Tembi Maloney Tichaawa
This study adapts Herzberg's two-factor theory to investigate the satisfaction levels of attendees at the 2016 Festival of Arts and Culture (FESTAC) held in Cameroon. Specifically, it investigates how satisfaction is influenced by a-priori motivations for attending the event, which, in turn,...
Oct 2019
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publication

The effects of price and non-price policies on cigarette consumption in South Africa

Ernest Ngeh Tingum, Alfred Kechia Mukong and Noreen Mdege
The health consequences of smoking are serious and have been frequently detailed. A reduction in tobacco-related mortality hinges upon the ability to reduce tobacco usage. There is overwhelming evidence that higher cigarette prices reduce cigarettes demand, but little is known about the combined...
Oct 2019
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publication

Farm diversification and climate change: implications for food security in Northern Namibia

Chalmers Mulwa and Martine Visser
Limited non-farm opportunities in the rural areas of the developing world, coupled with population growth, means agriculture will continue to play a dominant role as a source of livelihood in these areas. Thus, while rural transformation has dominated recent literature as a way of improving welfare...
Oct 2019
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