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Working Papers

publication

The Measurement of Institutions and Instability in Democratic Republic of Congo, 1880-2010

Alain Pholo Bala
This paper introduces a new database for Property Rights, Political and Civil Rights and Political Instability for the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) for the 1880-2010 period. Following the methodology used by Fedderke et al. (2001) and Letete (2015), we compute de jure Property, Political and...
Apr 2018
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publication

Naturally Available Pollinator Decline Will Decrease Household Food and Increase Gender-Gap in Nutrition between Men and Women Who Head Smallholder Farm Households in Sub-Saharan Africa

Byela Tibesigwa
This multi-country analysis studies the food security implications of natural pollinator populations in sub-Saharan Africa, where smallholder farmers rely on wild pollinators in the absence of commercial pollination services. The study specifies daily intake of energy, macro-nutrients, minerals and...
Apr 2018
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publication

Imported Inputs, Government Support and Performance of Manufacturing Exporters

Peter W. Chacha and Lawrence Edwards
We evaluate the effectiveness of trade policy incentive that promotes the use of imported intermediate inputs. Specifically, we examine the performance differences in firm export outcomes for the beneficiaries relative to the non-beneficiaries to Kenya’s duty exemption scheme on imported inputs...
Apr 2018
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publication

Regional disparities in income-independent quality of life in South Africa: convergence or divergence?

Dr. Stephanié Rossouw and Dr. Talita Greyling
The purpose of this study is to add to the empirical literature regarding quality of life convergence dynamics. It achieves this by analysing and comparing income and income-independent quality of life (IIQoL) convergence dynamics across South Africa's 234 municipalities for the period 1996-2014...
Mar 2018
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publication

To what extent does socio-economic status still affect household access to water and sanitation services in South Africa?

Dr Bruce Rhodes and Ms Tamlyn McKenzie
It is publically acknowledged that South Africa has recently met is Millennium Development Goal of halving water and sanitation services (WSS) backlogs. However, significant deficits remain, especially in the case of sanitation. These shortfalls are unevenly distributed across provinces and can be...
Mar 2018
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publication

Real Exchange Rate Volatility and Employment Growth in South Africa: The Case of Manufacturing

Trust R. Mpofu and Eftychia Nikolaidou
This paper investigates the effect of exchange rate volatility on employment growth in South Africa, a country that is characterised by high rates of unemployment and relatively high exchange rate volatility. Employing the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) cointegration method over the period...
Mar 2018
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publication

Family-type Public Goods and Intra-Household Decision-Making by Co-Resident South African Couples

Sevias Guvuriro and Frederik Booysen
Intra-household decision-making is a fundamental development issue, particularly so for less-privileged households in developing countries. The current study examines sources of bargaining power that inform financial decision-making processes within co-resident couples and determines how bargaining...
Mar 2018
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publication

Optimal Monetary Policy with Output and Asset Price Volatility in an Open Economy: Evidence from Kenya

Peter Wamalwa
This paper attempts to establish optimal response of monetary policy to output, inflation and asset price volatility in a small open economy, taking into account optimisation behaviour of households and firms. The empirical analysis suggest that monetary policy responds to deviation of interest...
Feb 2018
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publication

Disentangling the exchange rate risk, sectoral export flows and financial development nexus

Heinrich Nel and Anmar Pretorius
This paper examines the differential responses of various emerging market export sectors to exchange rate risk. This paper finds origin in initial theoretical posits of Ethier (1973) and Clark (1973) which both contend that exchange rate risk has a negative impact on the export flows of...
Feb 2018
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