Evidence from California shows that paid maternity leave leads to improved health outcomes among elementary school children.
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Climate change has brought renewed and increasing attention to the productivity and efficiency of the water sector. This has stimulated interest, which has manifested itself in the increased application of statistical tools to measure the productivity and efficiency of water utilities. Policymakers in developed countries are already making use of statistical analyses of water systems for determining productivity and efficiency.
The income gap between the self-employed and wage earners is of interest particular in developing countries. This is because this gap can explain to some extent the observed inequality in income. Literature suggests that in developing countries formal sector workers tend to be wage earners while the self-employed mostly work in the informal sector.
The majority of African states continue to be regarded as extractive states. We use the Cape Colony's public expenditure to account for the emergence of extractive states in Africa. With a sub-imperial role for Southern African colonial expansion, the Cape Colony became a template for extractive practices that continue to characterize the region. Using public expenditure data, budget debates and existing historiography, we trace the elite competition for limited public resources that associated the Cape's transition from an agrarian society to a mining-led economy.
This paper builds a small open economy model for a net commodity exporter to consider financial frictions and monetary policies in order to investigate the main determinants of business cycles. Since we make a distinction to the access of financial markets between the commodity and non-commodity sectors, we notice that as usual, a commodity price shock benefits the competitiveness of the economy and its borrowing terms.
To be jointly hosted by the
UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA
SOUTH AFRICAN RESERVE BANK
ECONOMIC RESEARCH SOUTHERN AFRICA
Call for Application for Skills Development Training in Econometrics
The ERSA is pleased to invite applications for the Skill Development Training Programme in basic Econometrics for academics and postgraduate students (masters and PhD) with limited training in Econometrics and quantitative methods. The skills development initiative is in line with ERSA’s objective to deepen economic research capacity and to train young economists in Southern Africa.
The African Economic History Network, in association with the Laboratory for the Economics Africa's Past at Stellenbosch University, Harvard Univeristy's Center for African Studies and Economic Research Southern Africa announces a Call for Papers.
A well-functioning financial system is key for emerging markets to unlock their growth potential. The financial system of many emerging markets remains in its infancy, however. This conference will address the challenges faced by financial intermediaries in emerging markets.