The objective of this course is to discuss the salient issues in the econometric analysis of panel data, with emphasis on the practical applications. The course is broken down into two parts.
The first part of the course will focus on the pooled model, the fixed effects model and the random effects model with emphasis on specification, estimation and testing issues as well as the interpretation of the results. Also, issues surrounding heteroscedasticity, autocorrelation and cross-section dependence in panels will be discussed. This will be followed by the analysis of dynamic panels using bias-adjusted, instrumental variable and Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) estimators. The first part will conclude with the analysis of pseudo panels (i.e., cohort analysis and impact evaluation analysis using differences-in-differences). The second part of the course will focus on issues surrounding panel unit roots and panel cointegration in homogeneous and heterogeneous panels which are highly relevant for panel datasets with long time dimensions, the so-called macro panels. Also accounting for panel cointegration using panel error correction models, Dynamic OLS (DOLS) and Fully Modified OLS (FMOLS) will be discussed. The second part will conclude with a discussion of panel vector autoregressions, panel models for limited dependent variables (e.g. panel probit, panel logit, panel count data models, etc.) and flexible panel models such as semiparametric fixed effects models.