Teacher human Capital, Teacher Effort and Student Achievements in Kenya

Although research generally shows that teachers matter for student achievements, it is not clear what attributes make a teacher more successful in enhancing students' performance. Much of the empirical work has focused on observable teacher characteristics. In this paper, we go further than that. We examine how teacher subject knowledge, pedagogical skill, effective instruction time and classroom teaching practices influence student test scores in maths and language.

The Effects of Teacher Strike Activity on Student Learning in South African Primary Schools

This paper investigates whether teacher strikes affect student achievement at the primary school level in South Africa. A cross-subject analysis with student fixed effects is used to eliminate sources of endogeneity bias at the school and student level. Results indicate that teacher strike participation negatively affects learning for students in the poorest three quarters of schools in South Africa. A negative effect size as large as ten per cent of a standard deviation is observed.

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