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South Africa

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Building a competitive and dynamic green industrial sector in South Africa after COVID-19

Tendai Gwatidzo and Witness Simbanegavi
COVID-19 gave the world a glimpse of how devastating a pandemic can be to economies and livelihoods. Climate change, given its permanence, would be far more devastating, hence the renewed efforts at the global level to mitigate climate change. South Africa, one of the dirtiest producers in the...
Jun 2021
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Addressing low labour utilisation in South Africa

Christopher Loewald, Konstantin Makrelov and Andreas Wörgötter
South Africa’s stubbornly low labour utilisation rate is an international outlier and a heavy brake on the ambitions for growth and redistribution published in various strategic policy strategies (National Planning Commission 2013). More immediately, low labour utilisation is a major obstacle to...
Jun 2021
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Understanding South Africa’s trade policy and performance

Matthew Stern and Yash Ramkolowan
South Africa’s exports have lagged behind the rest of the world over recent decades, and this has likely constrained overall economic growth. There are multiple reasons for this disappointing trade performance, including the structure of the country’s export basket (which remains dominated by...
Jun 2021
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Differential corporate taxation and inter-asset investment distortions in South Africa

Mashekwa Maboshe
South Africa has since the 1990's actively reformed its corporate tax policy to stimulate investment in various assets and industries. While the investment impact of corporate taxation has been evaluated in various studies, no effort has been made to assess the potential inter-asset distortions due...
Jul 2021
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Fiscal risks and their impact on banks’ capital buffers in South Africa

Konstantin Makrelov, Neryvia Pillay and Bojosi Morule
South Africa’s fiscal balances have deteriorated significantly over the last decade, while the economy has been recording disappointing economic growth rates even prior to the COVID-19 crisis. In this paper, we estimate a series of equations using the Arellano and Bond (1991) estimator to test how...
Jun 2021
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The effect of cigarette price changes on smoking prevalence by gender: the case of South Africa

Zachary Gitonga, Nicole Vellios, Corne van Walbeek
South Africa successfully reduced smoking prevalence by substantially increasing tobacco excise tax and therefore real cigarette prices between 1993 and 2010. Tobacco market structure changed in 2010 following the entry of local tobacco companies and the introduction of cheaper cigarette brands...
Apr 2021
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Taxpayer responsiveness to taxation: Evidence from bunching at kink points of the South African income tax schedule

Neryvia Pillay
I apply the bunching methodology to South African administrative tax data over the period from 2011 to 2017 to investigate the responsiveness of individual taxpayers to changes in marginal personal income tax rates. I find significant evidence of bunching among the self-employed but no evidence of...
Feb 2021
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Relationship between education and households’ electricity-saving behaviour in South Africa: A multilevel logistic analysis

Kabeya Clement Mulamba
This paper investigates the relationship between the education level of household heads and households’ energy-saving practices at the micro-level in South Africa. It uses the community survey of 2016 as data source. Multilevel logistic models are estimated to account for heterogeneity that...
Jun 2021
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Time consistency and economic growth: A case study of South African macroeconomic policy

Christopher Loewald, David Faulkner and Konstantin Makrelov
The numerous diagnostic studies and policy recommendations that exist for South Africa typically focus on microeconomic constraints to growth. Higher potential growth certainly requires structural reforms to boost productivity growth, in particular to allow private competition and investment in...
Nov 2020
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Impact of Social Transfers on Depressive Symptoms: Evidence from the South African Old Age Pension

Adeola Oyenubi and Joseph Ajefu
We study the effect of income receipt in form of Old age pension (OAP) on the prevalence of depressive symptoms using the Centre of Epidemiologic Studies Short Depression Scale (CES-D 10). We exploit the exogeneous age eligibility criteria in a regression discontinuity (RD) design to estimate the...
Oct 2020
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