Emigration and education: the schooling of the left behind in Nigeria

The potential effects of migration on the welfare of the left behind consist in an important part of the debate around migration. In this paper we use data from the World Bank's migration and remittance household survey to examine the impact of family migration on educational attainment. Because migration status of households is endogenous, we use proportion of migrants in a local district and distance to foreign missionary station in 1921 as instruments for migration of household member.

The role of international institutions of global governance in steering globalization

Globalization is a historical process, as it traces back to the 14th century during the origins of civilization. The post-World War II rise of globalization coincided with the post-war roles of these institutions, by forcing them to reform their roles in order to make them relevant to the changing global economic environment.

Ethnic Reunion and Cultural Affinity

Ethnic reunion is the propensity of tourists to travel to regions where their ancestors originate from, while cultural affinity is the propensity of tourists to travel to regions with a shared cultural identity. This paper uses a "world migration matrix", which records the year-1500 origins of the current populations of 159 countries, in a standard tourism gravity equation to provide the first empirical evidence of the existence of both these tourism traits at the global level.

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