Teacher human Capital, Teacher Effort and Student Achievements in Kenya

Although research generally shows that teachers matter for student achievements, it is not clear what attributes make a teacher more successful in enhancing students' performance. Much of the empirical work has focused on observable teacher characteristics. In this paper, we go further than that. We examine how teacher subject knowledge, pedagogical skill, effective instruction time and classroom teaching practices influence student test scores in maths and language.

Gender and Birth Order Effects on Intra-household Schooling Choices and Education Attainments in Kenya

In this paper, we investigate the effect of two important family characteristics-gender and birth order-on intra-household investments in, and educational outcomes of, children in Kenya. We measure intra-household education investments in children by household's decision to enrol children in private schools and educational outcomes by two variables, completed years of education and relative grade attainment.

Private Schools and Student Learning Achievements in Kenya

This papers examines the effect of private schools on literacy and numeracy skill acquisition among children mainly drawn from lower primary grades in Kenya. We apply a number of estimation approaches that accounts for endogeneity of school choice. We begin with the OLS, as a baseline model. We then estimate the household fxed effects (FE) model to control for unobservables at the household level. We supplement the OLS and FE models with the propensity score matching (PSM) technique. We find a significant private school advantage throughout these methodologies.
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