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Democracy

Publication

The Impact of Political Competition on Economic Growth: Evidence from Municipalities in South Africa

Nonso Obikili
This paper examines the impact of political competition on economic growth. Using results from the 1994 and 1999 elections I show that municipalities with a decisive vote either for or against the dominant national party have grown faster than municipalities with more voter competition amongst...
Jun 2015
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Publication

Democratisation in Africa: The Role of Self-Enforcing Constitutional Rules

Sophia du Plessis, Ada Jansen and Krige Siebrits
Following several decades during which violent civil conflict was common in African countries, the period from 1990 onwards was notably marked by a spreading and deepening of adherence to democratic principles. However, it is true to say that many African countries are still experiencing political...
Jul 2014
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Publication

Democracy and Education: Evidence from the Southern African Development Community

Manoel Bittencourt
In this paper I investigate whether democracy in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) has had any effect on education during the 1980-2009 period. The results, based on panel time-series analysis (I use the Pooled OLS and Fixed Effects estimators in order to deal with heterogeneity and...
May 2014
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Publication

Yet Another Look at the Modernisation Hypothesis: Evidence from South America

Manoel Bittencourt
We investigate in this paper whether the exogenous version of the modernisation hypothesis holds in South America, or whether democracy needs development for its own consolidation. We use a sample of all nine countries that re-democratised in the last thirty years or so and the data sets cover two...
Mar 2013
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Publication

Determinants of Government and External Debt: Evidence from the Young Democracies of South America

Manoel Bittencourt
We investigate in this paper what are the main determinants of government and external debt in South America. Our sample purposely includes all nine South American countries that re-democratised in the last thirty years or so, and the data cover the period 1970-2007. The results, based on principal...
Mar 2013
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Publication

Don’t Make War, Make Elections. Franchise Extension and Violence in XIXth-Century Colombia

Leopoldo Fergusson and Juan F. Vargas
This paper studies the effect of strengthening democracy, as captured by an increase in voting rights, on the incidence of violent civil conflict in nineteenth-century Colombia. Empirically studying the relationship between democracy and conflict is challenging, not only because of conceptual...
Mar 2013
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Publication

Democracy, Populism and Hyperinflation(s): Some Evidence from Latin America

Manoel Bittencourt
We test for the populist view of inflation in Latin America between 1970 and 2007. The empirical results - based on the relatively novel panel time-series data and analysis - confirm the theoretical prediction that recently elected governments coming into power after periods of political...
Mar 2010
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