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Africa

Publication

Addressing structural change issues in the context of South Africa's political dispensation

Biniam E. Bedasso
The current structure of South Africa’s economy is partly a product of the terms of the country’s political dispensation. The availability of capital mobility as an exit option is a key aspect of South Africa’s negotiated democracy. As long as inequality remains high, capital continues to gravitate...
Nov 2014
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Optimal Public Investment, Growth, and Consumption: Fresh Evidence from African Countries

Augustin Kwasi Fosu, Yoseph Getachew, Thomas H.W. Ziesemer
This paper develops a model positing a nonlinear relationship between public investment and growth. The model is then applied to a panel of African countries using nonlinear estimating procedures. The growth-maximizing level of public investment is estimated at about 10 percent of GDP based on...
Oct 2014
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Political transition in a small open economy: Retracing the economic trail of South Africa’s long walk to democracy

Biniam E. Bedasso
This paper seeks to offer an economic explanation for the emergence of democracy in societies with high income inequality and narrow middle-class such as Apartheid South Africa. The presence of a credible threat of capital flight is shown to render democracy less unpleasant to the elites by making...
Sep 2014
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Democratisation in Africa: The Role of Self-Enforcing Constitutional Rules

Sophia du Plessis, Ada Jansen and Krige Siebrits
Following several decades during which violent civil conflict was common in African countries, the period from 1990 onwards was notably marked by a spreading and deepening of adherence to democratic principles. However, it is true to say that many African countries are still experiencing political...
Jul 2014
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Democracy and Education: Evidence from the Southern African Development Community

Manoel Bittencourt
In this paper I investigate whether democracy in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) has had any effect on education during the 1980-2009 period. The results, based on panel time-series analysis (I use the Pooled OLS and Fixed Effects estimators in order to deal with heterogeneity and...
May 2014
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Primary Education and Fertility Rates in Southern Africa: Evidence from Before the Demographic Transition

Manoel Bittencourt
I investigate whether primary school completion has played any role on total fertility rates in all fifteen countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) between 1980 and 2009. The evidence, based on panel time-series analysis (I use the Pooled OLS, Fixed Effects and Fixed Effects...
May 2014
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Education and Fertility: Panel Time-Series Evidence from Southern Africa

Manoel Bittencourt
In this paper I investigate whether secondary school enrollment has played any role on total fertility rates in all …fifteen countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) between 1980 and 2009. The evidence, based on panel time-series analysis (I make use of the Pooled OLS, Fixed...
May 2014
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Publication

The Missing People: Accounting for Indigenous Populations in Cape Colonial History

Johan Fourie and Erik Green
Because information about the livelihoods of indigenous groups is often missing from colonial records, their presence usually escapes attention in quantitative estimates of colonial economic activity. This is nowhere more apparent than in the eighteenth-century Dutch Cape Colony, where the role of...
Mar 2014
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