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Africa

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‘Learning to export’ and ‘learning to innovate’: Revisiting the relationship between innovation and exports in African firms

Elvis Korku Avenyo, Fiona Tregenna and Kwanele Ngwadleka
This paper examines the relationship between innovation and export performance for African firms. We use Tobit simultaneous equation full information maximum likelihood (FIML) model with selection on a crosssectional dataset from the World Bank’s Enterprise Surveys for 28 African economies. The...
May 2021
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The Effect of Colonial and Pre-Colonial Institutions on Contemporary Education in Africa

Leone Walters, Carolyn Chisadza and Matthew Clance
This paper argues that contrary to previous findings, present-day education outcomes in Africa cannot be independently attributed to colonial or pre-colonial ethnic institutions. We propose that it is instead the complementarity or contention between colonial and precolonial institutions that result...
Jan 2021
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Group identity in fairness decisions: discrimination or inequality aversion?

Carolyn Chisadza, Nicky Nicholls, Eleni Yitbarek
This paper investigates issues of decision time and race in distributive fairness decisions in South Africa. We conduct a dictator game where we gather data on transfer amounts and time taken for decisions, where dictators are paired with a series of partners with whom they either share or do not...
Sep 2020
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Trade Openness and Fertility Rates in Africa: Panel Data Evidence

Manoel Bittencourt, Matthew Clance and Yoseph Y. Getachew
We study the effect of trade openness on fertility rates in fifty African countries during the1962 - 2010 period. By disaggregating the trade openness data in novel ways, and allowing for country and time fixed effects, our results indicate that trade openness and imports of manufactured goods are...
Jan 2020
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Market Potential, Agglomeration Effects and the Location of French Firms in Africa

Alain Pholo Bala, Michel Tenikue and Baraka Nafari
This paper informs the debate on the existence of agglomeration effects in Africa. It uses a structural estimation approach to investigate the impact of agglomeration economies and forward linkages on the localization of French affiliates in Africa. Using a sample of French subsidiaries in Africa,...
Mar 2019
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Demand-side determinants of access to healthcare service: Empirical evidence from Africa

Wa Ntita Serge Kabongo and Josue Mbonigaba
This study identifies the key determinants of access to healthcare in Africa and estimates the short-run and long-run effects of these determinants. Panel data from 37 African countries, collected from the World Bank Development Indicators and World Health Organisation databases for the period 1995...
Oct 2016
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Why local context matters: de jure and de facto property rights in colonial South Africa

Christie Swanepoel and Johan Fourie
For economic transactions, including debt transactions, to occur in a market system, property rights are essential. The literature has focussed on finding empirical proof of the effect of property right regimes, noting differences between de jure and de facto property rights. Yet most of these...
Jul 2016
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Determinants of Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions Targeting Africa: 1991-2011

MK Wilson and DJM Vencatachellum
The fast output growth that a number of countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have achieved in the last decade has led to significant inflow of FDI into the continent. A number of studies have examined the trend of such FDI inflows generally but only a few have focused on these flows that are mainly...
Apr 2016
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Trade Linkages and Business Cycle Co-movement: An Empirical Analysis of Africa and its Main Trading Partners using Global VAR

Emilie Chanceline Kinfack and Lumengo Bonga-Bonga
This paper assesses the extent of trade linkages and shock transmission between African economies and its main trading partners, namely China, Europe and the United States (US). Using the global vector autoregressive (GVAR) model, the paper investigates how shock transmission between Africa and its...
Apr 2015
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The Cape of Perfect Storms: Colonial Africa’s first financial crash, 1788-1793

Roy Havemann and Johan Fourie
This paper investigates the causes and consequences of colonial Africa’s first financial crash, which happened in South Africa’s Dutch Cape Colony. The 1788–1793 crisis followed a common sequence of events: trade and fiscal deficits were monetized by printing money, credit extension accelerated,...
Apr 2015
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