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R12

Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity

Exploring evidence of spatial economic agglomeration in Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, Gauteng, South Africa

Koech Cheruiyot
Since Marshall's (1890) work on industrial districts in 19^{th} century England, agglomeration economies are credited for providing the needed catalytic role to economic growth and development. It does this by allowing critical masses, where knowledge spillovers among firms; labour market pooling;...
Jan 2020
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Impact of Crime on Firm Entry: Evidence from South Africa

Godfrey Mahofa, Asha Sundaram and Lawrence Edwards
In this paper, we analyse the relationship between crime and the entry of firms across local municipalities in South Africa. We use data on the incidence of crime, sourced from the South African Police Service, and a unique database of business registrations over the period 2003 to 2011, to show...
Dec 2016
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Spatial Externalities, Openness and Financial Development in SADC: Beyond the Multilateral Monetary Agreement

Alex Bara, Gift Mugano & Pierre Le Roux
This study empirically evaluates spatial externalities in financial development in SADC in line with spatial proximity theory, which asserts that externalities increase with proximity. Precisely, the study tests if financially less developed economies in SADC benefit from linkages with and...
Aug 2016
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The Contribution of Fiscal Decentralization to Regional Inequality: Empirical Results for South African Municipalities

Hammed Amusa and Ramos Mabugu
Over the past two decades, many African countries have carried out reforms aimed at decentralizing the political, administrative and fiscal structures of the public sector. The need to transform the structure of governance is informed by the view that decentralization increases the overall...
Apr 2016
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Buyer-Seller Relationships in International Trade: Do Your Neighbors Matter?

Fariha Kamal and Asha Sundaram
Using confidential U.S. customs data on trade transactions between U.S. importers and Bangladeshi exporters between 2002 and 2009, and information on the geographic location of Bangladeshi exporters, we show that the presence of neighboring exporters that previously transacted with a U.S. importer...
Feb 2015
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The spatial persistence of population and wealth during apartheid: comparing the 1911 and 2011 censuses

Waldo Krugell
This article examines the spatial distribution of people and wealth in South Africa over the period 1911 to 2011. Economic development is typically characterised by agglomeration, but Apartheid policies tried to separate people and disperse economic activity. Zipf’s Law is used to examine the...
Sep 2014
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Do rent-seeking and interregional transfers contribute to urban primacy in sub-Saharan Africa?

Kristian Behrens and Alain Pholo Bala
We develop an economic geography model where mobile skilled workers choose to either work in a production sector or to become part of an unproductive elite. The elite sets income tax rates to maximize its own welfare by extracting rents, thereby influencing the spatial structure of the economy and...
Sep 2011
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