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Q54

Climate; Natural Disasters; Global Warming

publication

Transhumant Pastoralism, Climate Change and Conflict in Africa

Eoin F. McGuirk and Nathan Nunn
We consider the effects of climate change on seasonally migrant populations that herd livestock – i.e., transhumant pastoralists – in Africa. Traditionally, transhumant pastoralists benefit from a cooperative relationship with sedentary agriculturalists whereby arable land is used for crop farming...
May 2021
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publication

Transhumant Pastoralism, Climate Change and Conflict in Africa

Eoin F. McGuirk and Nathan Nunn
We consider the effects of climate change on seasonally migrant populations that herd livestock – i.e., transhumant pastoralists – in Africa. Traditionally, transhumant pastoralists benefit from a cooperative relationship with sedentary agriculturalists whereby arable land is used for crop farming...
May 2021
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publication

The effects of technology intensity in manufacturing on CO2 emissions: Evidence from developing countries

Elvis Avenyo and Fiona Tregenna
Industrialisation is recognised as important for developing countries’ growth and ‘catching up’ with advanced economies, but is also associated with harmful carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and hence with climate change. This poses a challenge to sustainable development, particularly for late...
Jan 2021
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publication

Prenatal health and weather-related shocks under social safety net policy in Kenya

Silas Ongudi and Djiby Racine Thiam
Exposure to weather shocks around the time of birth has been shown to have deleterious effects on later life outcomes. In the short run, such shocks can lead to income loss, especially when households are not insured but rely heavily on rainfed agricultural activities. In the long run, however,...
Aug 2020
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publication

South African attitudes about nuclear power: The case of the nuclear energy expansion

Nomsa Phindile Nkosi and Johane Dikgang
The objective of our study is to investigate households’ attitudes and willingness to pay (WTP) for the proposed second nuclear power plant in South Africa. Traditional analysis of such data has tended to ignore zero WTP values. A spike model which explicitly accounts for zero WTP is employed. We...
Jan 2018
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publication

Counting the cost of drought induced productivity losses in an agro-based economy: The case of Uganda

Nicholas Kilimani, Jan van Heerden, Heinrich Bohlmann, Louise Roos
Climate variability can affect economies directly through its impact on agricultural output, and indirectly, through its effect on the activities of down-stream industries and household welfare. This paper uses a Computable General Equilibrium model with a disaggregated agricultural sector to...
Jun 2016
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publication

Agriculture and adaptation to climate change: The Role of wildlife ranching in South Africa

Jackson Otieno and Edwin Muchapondwa
In this paper, we explored the role of wildlife in adaptation to climate change in areas predominantly used for livestock production in South Africa. Using a sample of 1071 wildlife and livestock farms we estimated a multinomial choice model of various adaptation options including livestock and...
Feb 2016
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publication

An Economic Analysis of Climate Change and Wildlife Utilization on Private Land: Evidence from Wildlife Ranching in South Africa

Jackson Otieno and Edwin Muchapondwa
Wildlife ranching is emerging as a new frontier for wildlife conservation and alternative land use to agriculture in Southern Africa marginal areas. But wildlife sector also faces climate related challenges. In this study, we investigated the effects of climate change on the revenues of wildlife...
Oct 2015
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publication

Gender Differences in Climate Change Risk, Food Security and Adaptation: A Study of Rural Households’ Reliance on Agriculture and Natural Resources to Sustain Livelihoods

B. Tibesigwa, M. Visser, L. Hunter, M. Collinson and W. Twine
Climate and weather variability in sub-Saharan Africa disproportionately leave female-headed households food insecure. However, the extent and reasons for these gender differences are, thus far, not well understood. This study examines gender-food-climate connections using longitudinal data from...
Sep 2015
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publication

Small-scale Subsistence Farming, Food Security, Climate Change and Adaptation in South Africa: Male-Female Headed Households and Urban-Rural Nexus

Byela Tibesigwa and Martine Visser
This study examines the role of gender of the head of household on the food security of small-scale subsistence farmers in urban and rural areas of South Africa, using the exogenous switching treatment-effects regression framework. Our results show that agriculture contributes to food security of...
Jun 2015
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