Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources

Recreation Demand and Optimal Pricing for International Visitors to Kruger National Park

Sustainable financing of conservation is a key challenge in developing countries, due to competing needs. Increasingly, national parks are expected to undertake local community development - at a time when the conservation mandate and threats to conservation have increased signicantly, while traditional transfers from the State have been declining. We demonstrate the potential of park pricing for generating funds for conservation and benefit sharing with adjacent local communities.

Pricing of National Park Visits in Kenya: The Case of Lake Nakuru National Park

This study analyses the factors influencing pricing of National Park visits in Kenya. A two step regression procedure is used to develop a pricing mechanism for Lake Nakuru National Park (LNNP). In the first stage, count data models are applied to estimate the Trip generating function to LNNP and in the second, the results from count data models are used to simulate visitation as price varied through an increase in the gate fee to LNNP. The simulated data is used to estimate the demand curves for LNNP.

Contingent Valuation of Community Forestry Programs in Ethiopia: Observing Preference Anomalies in Double-Bounded CVM

This study examines the potential for anomalous response behaviour effects within the context of double-bounded contingent valuation applied to community forestry programs in rural Ethiopia. Anomalous responses considered include shift effects, framing effects, anchoring effects, and others closely related to these. The results confirmed the presence of anomalous responses, especially shift and framing effects; anchoring effects are not uncovered.

Can local communities in Zimbabwe be trusted with wildlife management?: Evidence from contingent valuation of elephants

If local communities living adjacent to the elephant see it as a burden, then they cannot be trusted to be its stewards. To assess their valuation of it, a CVM study was conducted for one CAMPFIRE district in Zimbabwe. Respondents were classified according to their preferences over the elephant. The median WTP for the preservation of 200 elephants is ZW$260 (US$4.73) for respondents who considered the elephant a public good while the same statistic is ZW$137 (US$2.49) for those favouring its translocation.

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