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O55

Africa

Does the Pursuit of Outreach Consistently Stifle the Financial Performance of Microfinance Institutions in sub-Saharan Africa?

Sydney Chikalipah
We study the relationship between outreach and the financial performance of 479 microfinance institutions (MFIs) in 37 countries of sub-Saharan African (SSA), covering the period 1998 to 2012. This study builds on earlier literature on the relationship between outreach and the financial performance...
Mar 2020
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Trade Openness and Fertility Rates in Africa: Panel Data Evidence

Manoel Bittencourt, Matthew Clance and Yoseph Y. Getachew
We study the effect of trade openness on fertility rates in fifty African countries during the1962 - 2010 period. By disaggregating the trade openness data in novel ways, and allowing for country and time fixed effects, our results indicate that trade openness and imports of manufactured goods are...
Jan 2020
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A New Keynesian DSGE model for Low Income Economies with Foreign Exchange Constraints

Bertha C. Bangara
The existing literature is clear that low income economies tend to suffer from foreign exchange shortages exacerbated by their exports. Most importantly, the concentration of their exports renders these countries susceptible to international price fluctuations. This frequently affects the level of...
Sep 2019
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Inequality in South Africa: what does a composite index of wellbeing reveal?

Stephanié Rossouw and Talita Greyling
Policymakers need better information regarding wellbeing inequality to ascertain the contributing factors and to determine whether policy has been successful in improving the spread over time. In this paper, we construct a multidimensional composite wellbeing measure, at a micro level, which...
Sep 2019
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Public Infrastructure Provision and Ethnic Favouritism: Evidence from South Africa

Leone Walters, Manoel Bittencourt and Carolyn Chisadza
Does ethnic favouritism in administrative governments affect public infrastructure provision? While previous literature has studied the effects of ethnic favouritism on economic growth and development determinants, there has been limited empirical evidence on ethnic favouritism in public...
Jul 2019
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The Origin of Extractive States in Africa: The Case of the British Cape Colony, 1834-1909

Abel Gwaindepi and Johan Fourie
The majority of African states continue to be regarded as extractive states. We use the Cape Colony's public expenditure to account for the emergence of extractive states in Africa. With a sub-imperial role for Southern African colonial expansion, the Cape Colony became a template for extractive...
May 2019
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Access to micro – and informal loans: evaluating the impact on the quality of life of poor females in South Africa

Talita Greyling and Stephanié Rossouw
Background: Since the early 1980s, many governments have investigated the possibility of utilising access to microloans as a pathway to grow economies out of unemployment and thereby improve people's quality of life. Studies that have previously investigated the impact of microloans found a...
Mar 2019
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Regional disparities in income-independent quality of life in South Africa: convergence or divergence?

Dr. Stephanié Rossouw and Dr. Talita Greyling
The purpose of this study is to add to the empirical literature regarding quality of life convergence dynamics. It achieves this by analysing and comparing income and income-independent quality of life (IIQoL) convergence dynamics across South Africa's 234 municipalities for the period 1996-2014...
Mar 2018
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Financial Structure and Economic Growth: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa

Naomi Mathenge & Eftychia Nikolaidou
This study examines the effect of financial structure on economic growth in Sub Saharan Africa. The sample consists of both low and middle income countries, whose financial systems range from poorly developed to relatively well- developed in the context of developing countries. Using dynamic panel...
Feb 2018
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The Interdependence between the Saving Rate and Technology across Regimes: Evidence from South Africa

Kevin S. Nell and Maria M. De Mello
This paper hypothesises that the saving rate and technological progress are interdependently determined by a common exogenous source, so that an exogenous shock to the saving rate determines long-run growth transitions. In an open economy, the saving rate measures the quality of capital investment...
Mar 2017
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