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J13

Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

Publication

Missing boys: Explaining South Africa’s unbalanced sex ratio, 1894-2011

Francisco J. Marco-Gracia and Johan Fourie
At the beginning of the twentieth century the sex ratio for South Africans differed markedly according to racial group. Those for white South Africans remained almost invariable, with more boys than girls, while black South Africans had a clear majority of girls, a situation that the literature has...
Nov 2019
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Publication

The Fertility Transition: Panel Evidence from sub-Saharan Africa

Carolyn Chisadza and Manoel Bittencourt
We investigate the effects of different socioeconomic indicators on fertility rates in 48 sub- Saharan African countries between 1970 and 2012. The results, based on panel analysis with fi xed effects and instrumental variables, show that initially income per capita and infant mor tality explain a...
Jul 2016
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Publication

The Economic Approach to Fertility: A Causal Mediation Analysis

Gauthier T. Kashalala and Steven F. Koch
This study develops an economic fertility model which explicitly incorporates both the costs of childrearing and contraception behaviour. In this setting, a couple capacity to procreate depends on their fecundity, as well as their contraception and sexual behaviours; and the ideal number of...
Jul 2014
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Publication

Primary Education and Fertility Rates in Southern Africa: Evidence from Before the Demographic Transition

Manoel Bittencourt
I investigate whether primary school completion has played any role on total fertility rates in all fifteen countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) between 1980 and 2009. The evidence, based on panel time-series analysis (I use the Pooled OLS, Fixed Effects and Fixed Effects...
May 2014
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Publication

Education and Fertility: Panel Time-Series Evidence from Southern Africa

Manoel Bittencourt
In this paper I investigate whether secondary school enrollment has played any role on total fertility rates in all …fifteen countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) between 1980 and 2009. The evidence, based on panel time-series analysis (I make use of the Pooled OLS, Fixed...
May 2014
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