Back to top



The South African - United States Sovereign Bond Spread and its Association with Macroeconomic Fundamentals

Johannes W. Fedderke
The yield spread of South African to United States 10 year government bonds over the last 5 years has increased substantially to levels approaching those last seen during the mid-1980s. This yield spread increase is replicated in spreads relative to long-term German bonds, as well as for the spread...
Aug 2020
Read more

Fiscal stimulus in a global zero lower bound environment

Fernando Garcia-Barragan and Guangling Liu
This paper investigates the effect of fiscal stimulus from an emerging market economy perspective. The model captures the signicant decline in China's net exports and remarkable quantity of resources that the Chinese government invested into the economy through state-owned enterprises in the...
Aug 2018
Read more
Subscribe to RSS - E4