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Informal Economy; Underground Economy


“Sometimes you don't make enough to buy food” - an analysis of South African street waste pickers’ income

Viljoen JMM, Blaauw PF & Schenck CJ
In this paper we use income data of 873 street waste pickers in South Africa to assess whether their income is sufficient to make a living and to identify the possible factors that may influence their income. The results can assist policy makers to make informed decisions in designing and...
Apr 2016
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Effects of Reducing Tariffs in The Democratic Republic of Congo(DRC): A CGE Analysis

Jean Luc Erero, Daniel Djauhari Pambudi & Lumengo Bonga-Bonga
In this paper, the effects of reducing tariffs are analysed through a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model of the DRC. The specific DRC Formal-Informal Model (DRCFIM) is a multi-sectoral computable general equilibrium model that captures the observed structure of the DRC’s formal and informal...
Oct 2014
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Land Use in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

Jean Luc Erero, Daniel Djauhari Pambudi, and Bonga Bonga Lumengo
This paper examines the effects of land use in the DRC through the application of DRC formal-informal sector computable general equilibrium model, developed with the 2007 DRC Social Accounting Matrix. Two policy options are analysed. Firstly, the hypothetical policy change introduced in the short...
Dec 2013
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Tax evasion and financial repression: A reconsideration using endogenous growth models

Rangan Gupta and Emmanuel Ziramba
Using two dynamic monetary general equilibrium models characterized by endogenous growth, financial repression and endogenously determined tax evasion, we analyze whether financial repression can be explained by tax evasion. When calibrated to four Southern European economies, we show that higher...
May 2008
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