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D72

Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior

The Impact of Political Competition on Economic Growth: Evidence from Municipalities in South Africa

Nonso Obikili
This paper examines the impact of political competition on economic growth. Using results from the 1994 and 1999 elections I show that municipalities with a decisive vote either for or against the dominant national party have grown faster than municipalities with more voter competition amongst...
Jun 2015
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Political transition in a small open economy: Retracing the economic trail of South Africa’s long walk to democracy

Biniam E. Bedasso
This paper seeks to offer an economic explanation for the emergence of democracy in societies with high income inequality and narrow middle-class such as Apartheid South Africa. The presence of a credible threat of capital flight is shown to render democracy less unpleasant to the elites by making...
Sep 2014
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Don’t Make War, Make Elections. Franchise Extension and Violence in XIXth-Century Colombia

Leopoldo Fergusson and Juan F. Vargas
This paper studies the effect of strengthening democracy, as captured by an increase in voting rights, on the incidence of violent civil conflict in nineteenth-century Colombia. Empirically studying the relationship between democracy and conflict is challenging, not only because of conceptual...
Mar 2013
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Do rent-seeking and interregional transfers contribute to urban primacy in sub-Saharan Africa?

Kristian Behrens and Alain Pholo Bala
We develop an economic geography model where mobile skilled workers choose to either work in a production sector or to become part of an unproductive elite. The elite sets income tax rates to maximize its own welfare by extracting rents, thereby influencing the spatial structure of the economy and...
Sep 2011
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Ostracism and Common Pool Resource Management in a Developing Country: Young Fishers in the Laboratory

Wisdom Akpalu and Peter Martin
This paper investigates how the possibility to ostracise, which is a familiar punishment mechanism to subjects in an experiment, affects harvest in a common pool resource experiment. The experiment was framed as a fishing problem and the subjects were young fishers in Ghana. We find that the...
Jun 2009
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