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Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement


Human capital inequality and electoral outcomes in South Africa

Biniam Bedasso and Nonoso Obikili
This paper examines the nature and evolution of horizontal and vertical human capital inequality in South Africa since the end of apartheid. Using census data from 1996, 2001, and 2011, we use dierent measures of years of schooling to examine the dynamics both across and within racial, linguistic,...
Feb 2017
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Effects of Wildlife Resources on Community Welfare: Income, Poverty and Inequality

Herbert Ntuli and Edwin Muchapndwa
This paper demonstrates the importance of wildlife in the portfolio of environmental income in the livelihoods of poor rural communities living adjacent to a national park. The results show that wealthier households consumed more wildlife products in total than relatively poor households. However,...
Oct 2015
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Financial development and income inequality in Africa: A panel heterogeneous approach

Anthanasius FomumTita and Meshach Jesse Aziakpono
Although the financial sector of Africa has witnessed massive reforms to enhance its ability to support economic activities, reduce poverty and lower income inequality, Africa remains the poorest region and the second most unequal region in the world after Latin America. Despite these established...
Jun 2016
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Estimating Income Mobility When Income is Measured with Error: The Case of South Africa

Rulof P. Burger, Stephan Klasen and Asmus Zoch
There are long-standing concerns that household income mobility is over-estimated due to measurement errors in reported incomes, especially in developing countries where collecting reliable survey data is often difficult. We propose a new approach that exploits the existence of three waves of panel...
May 2016
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Intergenerational Earnings Mobility and Equality of Opportunity in South Africa

Patrizio Piraino
The paper estimates the degree of intergenerational earnings persistence in South Africa. It explores the link between this measure of social mobility and an index of inequality of opportunity. Using microdata from the National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS), the paper finds that intergenerational...
Aug 2014
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A reconsideration of what and who is middle class in South Africa

Justin Visagie and Dorrit Posel
In this paper, we revisit 'what and who' is middle class in South Africa using data collected in the 2008 National Income Dynamics Study. First we consider how to identify the middle class based on two broad definitions adopted in the international literature: a middle class defined by the middle...
Oct 2011
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