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Working Papers

The Origin of Extractive States in Africa: The Case of the British Cape Colony, 1834-1909

Abel Gwaindepi and Johan Fourie
The majority of African states continue to be regarded as extractive states. We use the Cape Colony's public expenditure to account for the emergence of extractive states in Africa. With a sub-imperial role for Southern African colonial expansion, the Cape Colony became a template for extractive...
May 2019
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Who benefits from South African Child Support Grant: The role of gender and birthweight

Adeola Oyenubi
Stunting (low height-for-age) is known to be a good proxy for a child’s wellbeing. Several studies have suggested that the South African Child Support Grant (CSG) reduces stunting in benefiting children. However, all of these studies have estimated the impact of the CSG on the mean of the height-...
May 2019
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Efficiency in South African water utilities: a comparison of estimates from DEA, SFA and StoNED

Genius Murwirapachena, Jugal Mahabir, Richard Mulwa and Johane Dikgang
Climate change has brought renewed and increasing attention to the productivity and efficiency of the water sector. This has stimulated interest, which has manifested itself in the increased application of statistical tools to measure the productivity and efficiency of water utilities. Policymakers...
Apr 2019
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Fiscal Policy and Adjustment in a Foreign Exchange Constrained Economy: Evidence from Malawi

Bertha C. Bangara and Amos C. Peters
Most of the recent literature analysing the adjustments of macroeconomic variables to fiscal policy shocks rely on the inclusion of non-Ricardian households to generate a positive response of consumption to an increase in government spending. This paper examines the dynamic effects of government...
Apr 2019
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The J–Curve Phenomenon: Evidence from Commodity Trade Between South Africa and the United States

Hammed Amusa and David Fadiran
Previous studies on the J–curve phenomenon for South Africa have been carried out using either aggregate trade data between South Africa and the rest of the world or between South Africa and her major trading partners. The evidence of J-curve effects in South Africa's bilateral trade have been...
Apr 2019
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Risk Preferences and the Impact of Credit and Insurance on Farm Technology Uptake

Martine Visser, Hafsah Jumare and Kerri Brick
We use a series of credit and insurance simulation games to test the role of access to credit and insurance on magnitude and timing of farm technology uptake with small-scale farmers in South Africa. Using Cumulative Prospect Theory, we assess how insurance impacts technology uptake given risk...
Mar 2019
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Access to micro – and informal loans: evaluating the impact on the quality of life of poor females in South Africa

Talita Greyling and Stephanié Rossouw
Background: Since the early 1980s, many governments have investigated the possibility of utilising access to microloans as a pathway to grow economies out of unemployment and thereby improve people's quality of life. Studies that have previously investigated the impact of microloans found a...
Mar 2019
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