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Working Papers

The persistence of apartheid regional wage disparities in South Africa

Gibson Mudiriza and Lawrence Edwards
Despite the ending of apartheid, regional wage disparities remain prevalent in South Africa with the former homelands characterised by persistently low wages and incomes. In this paper, we use a new economic geography (NEG) model to estimate the extent to which the persistence in apartheid regional...
Apr 2020
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Fiscal Rules and the Compliance debate: Why do Countries adopt Rules and fail to comply?

Martin Wafula Nandelenga and Mark J. Ellyne
We study the compliance with fiscal rules via various national numeric rules. Based on 20 sub-Sahara African countries with 57 fiscal rules in force from 1997 to 2016, our analysis identifies determinants among the rule specific characteristics, as well as their macroeconomic and political...
Apr 2020
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Does the Pursuit of Outreach Consistently Stifle the Financial Performance of Microfinance Institutions in sub-Saharan Africa?

Sydney Chikalipah
We study the relationship between outreach and the financial performance of 479 microfinance institutions (MFIs) in 37 countries of sub-Saharan African (SSA), covering the period 1998 to 2012. This study builds on earlier literature on the relationship between outreach and the financial performance...
Mar 2020
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Emergent large traders in smallholder grain markets and their role in enhancing adoption of sustainable agricultural intensification practices in Kenya

Chalmers Mulwa, T.S Jayne, Milu Muyanga, Martine Visser
Pervasive threats of climate change and land degradation have compounded the low farm productivity problem inherent in sub-Saharan Africa. Though sustainable agricultural intensification practices have been shown to improve resilience of farm production in the face of these emerging threats, they...
Mar 2020
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The optimal monetary and macroprudential policies for the South African economy

Guangling Liu and Thabang Molisey
We investigate the optimal design and e ectiveness of monetary and macroprudential policies in promoting macroeconomic (price) and financial stability for the South African economy. We develop a New Keynesian dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model featuring a housing market, a banking sector...
Feb 2020
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Efficiency of provincial public healthcare in South Africa

Victor Ngobeni, Marthinus C. Breitenbach and Goodness C. Aye
Background Forty-nine million people or 83 per cent of the entire population of 59 million rely on the public healthcare system in South Africa. Coupled with a shortage of medical professionals, high migration, inequality and unemployment; healthcare provision is under extreme pressure. Due to...
Feb 2020
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Exploring evidence of spatial economic agglomeration in Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, Gauteng, South Africa

Koech Cheruiyot
Since Marshall's (1890) work on industrial districts in 19^{th} century England, agglomeration economies are credited for providing the needed catalytic role to economic growth and development. It does this by allowing critical masses, where knowledge spillovers among firms; labour market pooling;...
Jan 2020
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Trade Openness and Fertility Rates in Africa: Panel Data Evidence

Manoel Bittencourt, Matthew Clance and Yoseph Y. Getachew
We study the effect of trade openness on fertility rates in fifty African countries during the1962 - 2010 period. By disaggregating the trade openness data in novel ways, and allowing for country and time fixed effects, our results indicate that trade openness and imports of manufactured goods are...
Jan 2020
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