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Policy Briefs

Substitution between fixed and mobile data amidst high levels of poverty and inequality

Ryan Hawthrone and Lukasz Grzybowski
Mobile broadband is the main means of connecting to the internet in developing countries, where fixed-line coverage is typically limited or non-existent. As a result, governments in developing countries are seeking means by which mobile broadband penetration might be increased.
Sep 2019
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Benefits of regulation vs. competition where inequality is high: The case of mobile telephony in South Africa

Ryan Hawthrone and Lukasz Grzybowski
South Africa is the most unequal country in the world, with a Gini coefficient of 0.63 in 2015 according to World Bank statistics. This is a consequence of apartheid-era racial discrimination policies (Leibbrandt et al., 2010). The top 10% of income-earners earn thirty times more than the bottom 10...
Aug 2019
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Efficiency in South African water utilities: a comparison of estimates from DEA, SFA and StoNED

Genius Murwirapachena, Jugal Mahabir, Richard Mulwa and Johane Dikgang
Climate change has brought renewed and increasing attention to the productivity and efficiency of the water sector. This has stimulated interest, which has manifested itself in the increased application of statistical tools to measure the productivity and efficiency of water utilities. Policymakers...
May 2019
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Fiscal Policy and Adjustment in a Foreign Exchange Constrained Economy: Evidence from Malawi

Bertha C. Bangara and Amos C. Peters
Most of the recent literature analysing the adjustments of macroeconomic variables to fiscal policy shocks rely on the inclusion of non-Ricardian households to generate a positive response of consumption to an increase in government spending. This paper examines the dynamic effects of government...
May 2019
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The J-Curve Phenomenon: Evidence from Commodity Trade Between South Africa and the United States

Hammed Amusa and David Fadiran
Across the world, efforts by countries to gain international competitiveness and boost export levels has generated renewed interest on the response of trade balances to exchange rate devaluations or depreciations. The trade literature posits that the existence of adjustment lags delays improvements...
May 2019
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Access to micro and informal loans: evaluating the impact on the quality of life of poor females in South Africa

Talita Greyling
Since the early 1980s, many governments have investigated the possibility of utilising access to microloans, as a pathway to grow economies out of unemployment and thereby improve people’s quality of life. Studies that have previously investigated the impact of microloans, found a positive...
Apr 2019
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Quality of life: validation of an instrument and analysis of relationships between dimensions

Talita Greyling
Background The conventional approach to measuring quality of life was centred on the use of income measures such as GDP. There has, however, been growing acceptance of the limitations of this approach and of the need for a more multifaceted measure of quality of life. For example, the Report by the...
Apr 2019
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