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Policy Briefs

Skills, employment, strong local institutions and good relationships between people and parks can counter subsistence poaching

Herbert Ntuli, Aksel Sundström, Martin Sjöstedt, Edwin Muchapondwa, Sverker C. Jagers, Amanda Linell
Subsistence poaching can severely threaten biodiversity and community livelihoods. It can lead to a decrease in wildlife abundance, and in the worst cases, extinction of certain species. This can have devastating ripple effects throughout ecosystems, jeopardize food security and impact on rural...
Sep 2019
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Adapting Herzberg: Predicting Attendees’ Satisfaction and Intention to Re-Visit a Local Festival in Cameroon – An Ordered Logit Approach

Love Idahosa and Tembi Malone Tichaawa
Globally, the tourism sector has been identified as crucial to attaining the goal of sustainable development. Its effectiveness as a tool for sustainable development lies in its potential to promote local economic development by creating both economic, environmental and socio-cultural...
Sep 2019
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Substitution between fixed and mobile data amidst high levels of poverty and inequality

Ryan Hawthrone and Lukasz Grzybowski
Mobile broadband is the main means of connecting to the internet in developing countries, where fixed-line coverage is typically limited or non-existent. As a result, governments in developing countries are seeking means by which mobile broadband penetration might be increased.
Sep 2019
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Benefits of regulation vs. competition where inequality is high: The case of mobile telephony in South Africa

Ryan Hawthrone and Lukasz Grzybowski
South Africa is the most unequal country in the world, with a Gini coefficient of 0.63 in 2015 according to World Bank statistics. This is a consequence of apartheid-era racial discrimination policies (Leibbrandt et al., 2010). The top 10% of income-earners earn thirty times more than the bottom 10...
Aug 2019
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Efficiency in South African water utilities: a comparison of estimates from DEA, SFA and StoNED

Genius Murwirapachena, Jugal Mahabir, Richard Mulwa and Johane Dikgang
Climate change has brought renewed and increasing attention to the productivity and efficiency of the water sector. This has stimulated interest, which has manifested itself in the increased application of statistical tools to measure the productivity and efficiency of water utilities. Policymakers...
May 2019
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Fiscal Policy and Adjustment in a Foreign Exchange Constrained Economy: Evidence from Malawi

Bertha C. Bangara and Amos C. Peters
Most of the recent literature analysing the adjustments of macroeconomic variables to fiscal policy shocks rely on the inclusion of non-Ricardian households to generate a positive response of consumption to an increase in government spending. This paper examines the dynamic effects of government...
May 2019
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The J-Curve Phenomenon: Evidence from Commodity Trade Between South Africa and the United States

Hammed Amusa and David Fadiran
Across the world, efforts by countries to gain international competitiveness and boost export levels has generated renewed interest on the response of trade balances to exchange rate devaluations or depreciations. The trade literature posits that the existence of adjustment lags delays improvements...
May 2019
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