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O55

Africa
Publication

Government Religious Preference and Intrastate Conflict

Eduard van der Merwe, Carolyn Chisadza and Matthew Clance
Understanding the causes and consequences of conflicts continues to be an important contribution to the economic development literature, particularly the mechanisms that can reduce civilian deaths. We contribute to understanding attacks on civilians and the spillover effects by analysing the impact...
Aug 2021
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Publication

‘Learning to export’ and ‘learning to innovate’: Revisiting the relationship between innovation and exports in African firms

Elvis Korku Avenyo, Fiona Tregenna and Kwanele Ngwadleka
This paper examines the relationship between innovation and export performance for African firms. We use Tobit simultaneous equation full information maximum likelihood (FIML) model with selection on a crosssectional dataset from the World Bank’s Enterprise Surveys for 28 African economies. The...
May 2021
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Publication

Group identity in fairness decisions: discrimination or inequality aversion?

Carolyn Chisadza, Nicky Nicholls, Eleni Yitbarek
This paper investigates issues of decision time and race in distributive fairness decisions in South Africa. We conduct a dictator game where we gather data on transfer amounts and time taken for decisions, where dictators are paired with a series of partners with whom they either share or do not...
Sep 2020
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Publication

Does the Pursuit of Outreach Consistently Stifle the Financial Performance of Microfinance Institutions in sub-Saharan Africa?

Sydney Chikalipah
We study the relationship between outreach and the financial performance of 479 microfinance institutions (MFIs) in 37 countries of sub-Saharan African (SSA), covering the period 1998 to 2012. This study builds on earlier literature on the relationship between outreach and the financial performance...
Mar 2020
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Publication

Trade Openness and Fertility Rates in Africa: Panel Data Evidence

Manoel Bittencourt, Matthew Clance and Yoseph Y. Getachew
We study the effect of trade openness on fertility rates in fifty African countries during the1962 - 2010 period. By disaggregating the trade openness data in novel ways, and allowing for country and time fixed effects, our results indicate that trade openness and imports of manufactured goods are...
Jan 2020
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Publication

A New Keynesian DSGE model for Low Income Economies with Foreign Exchange Constraints

Bertha C. Bangara
The existing literature is clear that low income economies tend to suffer from foreign exchange shortages exacerbated by their exports. Most importantly, the concentration of their exports renders these countries susceptible to international price fluctuations. This frequently affects the level of...
Sep 2019
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Publication

Inequality in South Africa: what does a composite index of wellbeing reveal?

Stephanié Rossouw and Talita Greyling
Policymakers need better information regarding wellbeing inequality to ascertain the contributing factors and to determine whether policy has been successful in improving the spread over time. In this paper, we construct a multidimensional composite wellbeing measure, at a micro level, which...
Sep 2019
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Publication

Public Infrastructure Provision and Ethnic Favouritism: Evidence from South Africa

Leone Walters, Manoel Bittencourt and Carolyn Chisadza
Does ethnic favouritism in administrative governments affect public infrastructure provision? While previous literature has studied the effects of ethnic favouritism on economic growth and development determinants, there has been limited empirical evidence on ethnic favouritism in public...
Jul 2019
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Publication

The Origin of Extractive States in Africa: The Case of the British Cape Colony, 1834-1909

Abel Gwaindepi and Johan Fourie
The majority of African states continue to be regarded as extractive states. We use the Cape Colony's public expenditure to account for the emergence of extractive states in Africa. With a sub-imperial role for Southern African colonial expansion, the Cape Colony became a template for extractive...
May 2019
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Publication

Access to micro – and informal loans: evaluating the impact on the quality of life of poor females in South Africa

Talita Greyling and Stephanié Rossouw
Background: Since the early 1980s, many governments have investigated the possibility of utilising access to microloans as a pathway to grow economies out of unemployment and thereby improve people's quality of life. Studies that have previously investigated the impact of microloans found a...
Mar 2019
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