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O15

Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

Does Famine Matter For Aggregate Adolescent Human Capital Acquisition In Sub-Saharan Africa?

Julius A. Agbor and Gregory N. Price
To the extent that in utero and childhood malnutrition negatively affects later stage mental and physical health, it can possibly constrain later stage human capital acquisition, which is an important driver of economic growth. This paper considers the impact of famine on aggregate adolescent human...
Dec 2012
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Slave numeracy in the Cape Colony and comparative development in the eighteenth century

Jörg Baten and Johan Fourie
The lack of accurate measures of human capital formation often constrain investigations into the long-run determinants of growth and comparative economic development, especially in regions such as Africa. Using the reported age of criminals in the Courts of Justice records in the Cape Archive, this...
Mar 2012
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Does School Education Reduce the Likelihood of Societal Conflict in Africa?

Julius Agbor
This paper empirically tests the hypothesis that education, as measured by the average schooling years in the population aged 15 and above, reduces the likelihood of societal conflicts in Africa. It focuses on a sample of 31 African countries during 1960-2000 and uses both panel ordered probit and...
May 2011
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Climate Change Disaster Management: Mitigation and Adaptation in a Public Goods Framework

Reviva Hasson, Åsa Löfgren and Martine Visser
This paper explores the collective action problem as it relates to climate change and develops two models that capture the mitigation/adaptation trade-off. The first model presents climate change as a certain disaster, while the second models climate change as a stochastic event. A one-shot public...
May 2010
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A Theory of Colonial Goverance

J.A.Agbor, J.W.Fedderke and N.Viegi
This paper considers conditions of optimality in a co-optive strategy of colonial rule. It proposes a simple model of elite formation emanating from a coloniser's quest to maximise extracted rents from its colonies. The results suggest multiple optimal solutions, depending on the specification of...
Mar 2010
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Orphanhood and Schooling in South Africa: Trends in the vulnerability of orphans between 1993 and 2005

Cally Ardington
Using 11 nationally representative surveys conducted between 1993 and 2005 this paper assesses the extent to which the vulnerability of orphans to poorer educational outcomes has changed over time as the AIDS crisis deepens in South Africa. This paper seeks to establish whether the fear that...
Mar 2008
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Does training benefit those who do not get any? Elasticities of complementarity and factor price in South Africa

Alberto Behar
Commentators claim a shortage of skills, particularly artisanal labour, in South Africa is constraining output and that a rise in skill supply would benefit less skilled occupations. This assumes/implies skilled and unskilled labour are q-complements. This paper estimates Hicks Elasticities of...
May 2008
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Schooling as a Lottery: Racial Differences in School Advancement in Urban South Africa

David Lam, Cally Ardington and Murray Leibbrandt
This paper develops a stochastic model of grade repetition to analyze the large racial differences in progress through secondary school in South Africa. The model predicts that a larger stochastic component in the link between learning and measured performance will generate higher enrollment,...
Aug 2007
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