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I25

Education and Economic Development

The impacts of unconditional cash transfers on schooling in adolescence and young adulthood: Evidence from South Africa

Neryvia Pillay Bell
I study an expansion of a South African social grant program that provided unconditional cash transfers to adolescents for the first time. Over the period 2009 to 2012, age eligibility for the child support grant was progressively extended from children under 14 to children under 18 years old. I...
May 2020
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Teacher Pay and Educational Outcomes: Evidence from the Rural Hardship Allowance in Zambia

Grieve Chelwa, Miquel Pellicer, Mashekwa Maboshe
This paper studies the effect of unconditional teacher salary increases on teacher and student outcomes. To study the issue, we evaluate the rural hardship allowance in Zambia, which corresponds to a salary increase of 20%. This allowance is allocated to schools on the basis of a distance criterion...
Oct 2018
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The effect of education on a country’s energy consumption: Evidence from developed and developing countries

Roula Inglesi-Lotz and Luis Diez del Corral Morales
Education has been regarded throughout history as one of the main drivers of economic development and innovation, and can be viewed as one of the means available to nations for encouraging energy education, implementation of renewable energy and reduced energy consumption. This paper analyses the...
May 2017
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The Fertility Transition: Panel Evidence from sub-Saharan Africa

Carolyn Chisadza and Manoel Bittencourt
We investigate the effects of different socioeconomic indicators on fertility rates in 48 sub- Saharan African countries between 1970 and 2012. The results, based on panel analysis with fi xed effects and instrumental variables, show that initially income per capita and infant mor tality explain a...
Jul 2016
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When Selection Trumps Persistence: The Lasting Effect of Missionary Education in South Africa

Johan Fourie and Christie Swanepoel
To estimate the long-term, persistent effects of missionary education requires two strong assumptions: that mission station settlement is uncorrelated with other economic variables, such as soil quality and access to markets, and 2) that selection into (and out of) mission stations is unimportant...
Jan 2015
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Democracy and Education: Evidence from the Southern African Development Community

Manoel Bittencourt
In this paper I investigate whether democracy in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) has had any effect on education during the 1980-2009 period. The results, based on panel time-series analysis (I use the Pooled OLS and Fixed Effects estimators in order to deal with heterogeneity and...
May 2014
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The Impact of the Slave Trade on Literacy in Africa: Evidence from the Colonial Era

Nonso Obikili
Recent studies have highlighted the importance of Africa's history of slave exporting to its current economic development. In this paper I show that differences in investment in education may be one of the channels through which that history has affected current development. I combine data on...
Oct 2013
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Does Famine Matter For Aggregate Adolescent Human Capital Acquisition In Sub-Saharan Africa?

Julius A. Agbor and Gregory N. Price
To the extent that in utero and childhood malnutrition negatively affects later stage mental and physical health, it can possibly constrain later stage human capital acquisition, which is an important driver of economic growth. This paper considers the impact of famine on aggregate adolescent human...
Dec 2012
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Slave numeracy in the Cape Colony and comparative development in the eighteenth century

Jörg Baten and Johan Fourie
The lack of accurate measures of human capital formation often constrain investigations into the long-run determinants of growth and comparative economic development, especially in regions such as Africa. Using the reported age of criminals in the Courts of Justice records in the Cape Archive, this...
Mar 2012
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