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I18

Health: Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

The Effect of Tobacco and Alcohol Control Policies on Household Spending Patterns in Kenya: An Approach Using Matched Difference in Differences

Abel Otwori Nyagwachi, Grieve Chelwa and Corné van Walbeek
This paper examines the effect of tobacco and alcohol control policies on tobacco and alcohol consumption patterns and the evolution of crowding-out effects on other household expenditure in Kenya. The current literature on crowding-out does not provide a defensible instrumental variable for a...
May 2020
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The effects of price and non-price policies on cigarette consumption in South Africa

Ernest Ngeh Tingum, Alfred Kechia Mukong and Noreen Mdege
The health consequences of smoking are serious and have been frequently detailed. A reduction in tobacco-related mortality hinges upon the ability to reduce tobacco usage. There is overwhelming evidence that higher cigarette prices reduce cigarettes demand, but little is known about the combined...
Oct 2019
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An Econometric Method for Estimating Population Parameters from Non-Random Samples: An Application to Clinical Case Finding

Rulof P. Burger, PhD and Zoë M. McLaren, PhD
The problem of sample selection complicates the process of drawing inference about populations. Selective sampling arises in many real world situations when agents such as doctors and customs officials search for targets with high values of a characteristic. We propose a new method for estimating...
Jul 2017
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Has South Africa’s Investment in Public Health Care Improved Health Outcomes?

Mr. Lucas Bidzha, Dr. Talita Greyling and Mr. Jugal Mahabir
South Africa’s total expenditure on health equates to almost 9% of its gross domestic product, which is above the average of other countries classified as middle-income countries. Notwithstanding this investment, indicators of health outcomes remain relatively lower when compared to the same...
Feb 2017
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Demand-side determinants of access to healthcare service: Empirical evidence from Africa

Wa Ntita Serge Kabongo and Josue Mbonigaba
This study identifies the key determinants of access to healthcare in Africa and estimates the short-run and long-run effects of these determinants. Panel data from 37 African countries, collected from the World Bank Development Indicators and World Health Organisation databases for the period 1995...
Oct 2016
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Diagnosing Deep Roots of Development: Genetic, Disease and Environmental Factors

Johannes W. Fedderke, Robert E. Klitgaard, James P. MacMurray, Valerio Napolioni
We examine the association between indicators of real GDP per capita and the ACP1 genetic adaptation to disease and ultraviolet radiation environment. We find a strong impact that varies across the A, B, and C alleles. The result is robust to controlling for reversal of fortunes, migration, and...
Sep 2014
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User Fee Abolition in South Africa in 1994 and 1996: Differences-in-Differences

Anna S. Brink and Steven F. Koch
South Africa waived user fees for primary health care, first in 1994, and again, in 1996. Since the 1994 plan focused on young children and older adults, as well as pregnant and nursing mothers, the 1996 change, which waived fees for the remainder of the population, subject to means tests, can be...
May 2014
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Assessing regional variation in the effect of the removal of user fees on institutional deliveries in rural Zambia

Chitalu M. Chama-Chiliba and Steven F. Koch
This paper examines regional differences in the effect of user fee removal in rural areas of Zambia on the use of health institutions for delivery. The analysis uses quarterly longitudinal data covering 2003q1-2008q4. When unobserved heterogeneity, spatial dependence and quantitative supply-side...
Apr 2014
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The Cost-effectiveness of Intervening in Low and High HIV Prevalence Areas in South Africa

Josué Mbonigaba
The cost-effectiveness of intervening with a set of HIV/AIDS interventions in low HIV prevalence areas (LPA) and high HIV prevalence areas (HPA) in South Africa is analysed. The rationale for this analysis is to assess the suspected effect of interaction between the intervention and area of...
Jul 2012
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The Economics of Information Technology in Public Sector Health Facilities in Developing Countries: The Case of South Africa

Gregory B. Cline and John M. Luiz
The public healthcare sector in developing countries face many challenges, including weak healthcare systems and under resourced facilities that deliver poor outcomes relative to total healthcare expenditure. Healthcare delivery, access to healthcare and cost containment has the potential for...
Oct 2011
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