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I15

Health and Economic Development

Prenatal health and weather-related shocks under social safety net policy in Kenya

Silas Ongudi and Djiby Racine Thiam
Exposure to weather shocks around the time of birth has been shown to have deleterious effects on later life outcomes. In the short run, such shocks can lead to income loss, especially when households are not insured but rely heavily on rainfed agricultural activities. In the long run, however,...
Aug 2020
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An Econometric Method for Estimating Population Parameters from Non-Random Samples: An Application to Clinical Case Finding

Rulof P. Burger, PhD and Zoë M. McLaren, PhD
The problem of sample selection complicates the process of drawing inference about populations. Selective sampling arises in many real world situations when agents such as doctors and customs officials search for targets with high values of a characteristic. We propose a new method for estimating...
Jul 2017
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Demand-side determinants of access to healthcare service: Empirical evidence from Africa

Wa Ntita Serge Kabongo and Josue Mbonigaba
This study identifies the key determinants of access to healthcare in Africa and estimates the short-run and long-run effects of these determinants. Panel data from 37 African countries, collected from the World Bank Development Indicators and World Health Organisation databases for the period 1995...
Oct 2016
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The impact of health on the employment and earnings of young South Africans

Chijioke O. Nwosu
This paper estimates the impact of health on employment and earnings among individuals aged 15-39 years in South Africa. Though one of the richest countries in Africa, South Africa is plagued by substantial disease burden especially from communicable diseases, injuries, maternal and child mortality...
Apr 2016
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Diagnosing Deep Roots of Development: Genetic, Disease and Environmental Factors

Johannes W. Fedderke, Robert E. Klitgaard, James P. MacMurray, Valerio Napolioni
We examine the association between indicators of real GDP per capita and the ACP1 genetic adaptation to disease and ultraviolet radiation environment. We find a strong impact that varies across the A, B, and C alleles. The result is robust to controlling for reversal of fortunes, migration, and...
Sep 2014
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Effects of Social Norms on Multiple Partnerships: Evidence from Young Adults in the Metropolitan Communities of Cape Town, South Africa

Byela Tibesigwa and Martine Visser
Even though antiretroviral treatment is becoming more efficient and available, new HIV infections still occur. This is particularly the case in sub-Saharan Africa. Sexual transmission of HIV is still the main mode of transmission in sub-Saharan Africa, and multiple sex partners have been shown to...
Aug 2014
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‘Know Your Epidemic’: The Effects of Expected Health and Contextual Health Uncertainty on Risky Sex

Byela Tibesigwa, Martine Visser and Mintewab Bezabih
This study measures the link between expected health and contextual health uncertainty on sexual behaviours associated with the risk of HIV infection. We extend similar studies on the subject by focusing on contextual factors as a way of explaining individual sexual behaviour in low and high HIV...
Aug 2014
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Does Famine Matter For Aggregate Adolescent Human Capital Acquisition In Sub-Saharan Africa?

Julius A. Agbor and Gregory N. Price
To the extent that in utero and childhood malnutrition negatively affects later stage mental and physical health, it can possibly constrain later stage human capital acquisition, which is an important driver of economic growth. This paper considers the impact of famine on aggregate adolescent human...
Dec 2012
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