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H50

National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General

Publication

The Origin of Extractive States in Africa: The Case of the British Cape Colony, 1834-1909

Abel Gwaindepi and Johan Fourie
The majority of African states continue to be regarded as extractive states. We use the Cape Colony's public expenditure to account for the emergence of extractive states in Africa. With a sub-imperial role for Southern African colonial expansion, the Cape Colony became a template for extractive...
May 2019
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Publication

Anatomy of the Southern African Customs Union: Structure and Revenue Volatility

Harold P.E. Ngalawa
This paper studies the evolution of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), tracing it from its inception in 1889 as the Customs Union Convention, the world’s first customs union, to its current status. While the union has operated under different agreements, which have been negotiated and...
Sep 2013
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