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H31

Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Household

The Effect of Tobacco and Alcohol Control Policies on Household Spending Patterns in Kenya: An Approach Using Matched Difference in Differences

Abel Otwori Nyagwachi, Grieve Chelwa and Corné van Walbeek
This paper examines the effect of tobacco and alcohol control policies on tobacco and alcohol consumption patterns and the evolution of crowding-out effects on other household expenditure in Kenya. The current literature on crowding-out does not provide a defensible instrumental variable for a...
May 2020
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Measuring the Impact of Marginal Tax Rate Reform on the Revenue Base of South Africa Using a Microsimulation Tax Model

Yolandé van Heerden and N.J. Schoeman
This paper is primarily concerned with the revenue and tax efficiency effects of adjustments to marginal tax rates on individual income as an instrument of possible tax reform. The hypothesis is that changes to marginal rates affect not only the revenue base but also tax efficiency and the optimum...
Dec 2013
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Analysing the Effects of Fiscal Policy Shocks in the South African Economy

Charl Jooste, Guangling (Dave) Liu and Ruthira Naraidoo
This paper is the first one to analyse the effect of aggregate government spending and taxes on output for South Africa using three types of a calibrated DSGE model and more data driven models such as a structural vector error correction model (SVECM) and a time-varying parameter VAR (TVP-VAR) to...
May 2013
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Labor supply responses to large social transfers: Longitudinal evidence from South Africa

Cally Ardington, Anne Case and Victoria Hosegood
The South African old-age social pension has been much studied by both researchers and policy makers, in part for the larger lessons that might be learned about behavioral responses to cash transfers in developing countries. In this paper, we quantify the labor supply responses of prime-aged...
Sep 2007
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